• 1101. Quick Sort (25)


    题目如下:

    There is a classical process named partition in the famous quick sort algorithm. In this process we typically choose one element as the pivot. Then the elements less than the pivot are moved to its left and those larger than the pivot to its right. Given N distinct positive integers after a run of partition, could you tell how many elements could be the selected pivot for this partition?

    For example, given N = 5 and the numbers 1, 3, 2, 4, and 5. We have:

  • 1 could be the pivot since there is no element to its left and all the elements to its right are larger than it;
  • 3 must not be the pivot since although all the elements to its left are smaller, the number 2 to its right is less than it as well;
  • 2 must not be the pivot since although all the elements to its right are larger, the number 3 to its left is larger than it as well;
  • and for the similar reason, 4 and 5 could also be the pivot.

    Hence in total there are 3 pivot candidates.

    Input Specification:

    Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (<= 105). Then the next line contains N distinct positive integers no larger than 109. The numbers in a line are separated by spaces.

    Output Specification:

    For each test case, output in the first line the number of pivot candidates. Then in the next line print these candidates in increasing order. There must be exactly 1 space between two adjacent numbers, and no extra space at the end of each line.

    Sample Input:
    5
    1 3 2 4 5
    
    Sample Output:
    3
    1 4 5
    



题目要求找出序列中的所有x,使得x满足≥前面所有的数,≤后面所有的数,这样的x称为快排中的主元。

为了快速的判断,显然我们需要x左侧的最大值和右侧的最小值,而且他们一直在变动,一个思路是用两个vector或者数组记录每个位置之前最大值、之后最小值,称为maxBefore和minBehind,它们的实现逻辑如下:

①第一个元素没有左侧元素,因此maxBefore[0]=-1作为初始化条件,这样就保证了必然满足。

②最后一个元素没有右侧元素,因此minBehind[N-1]=INF(注意INF>10的9次方)。

③对于中间部分,只需要定义max和min两个变量实时判断赋值,对于maxBefore,在输入过程中完成;minBehind通过一次反向遍历建立。

建立好了两个表,就可以对每个元素进行查询,满足了存入res,如果res规模大于0,则先输出规模,再输出排序后的序列;否则输出0,因为序列为空,因此需要空一行,也就是两个回车符。

代码如下:

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

int main()
{
    int N;
    cin >> N;
    vector<int> maxBefore(N);
    vector<int> minBehind(N);
    int max = -1, min = 1000000001;
    int num;
    maxBefore[0] = max;
    vector<int> nums(N);
    for(int i = 0; i < N; i++){
        scanf("%d",&num);
        nums[i] = num;
        if(num > max){
            max = num;
        }
        if(i == N - 1) break;
        maxBefore[i+1] = max;
    }
    minBehind[N-1] = min;
    for(int i = N - 1; i >= 1; i--){
        int num = nums[i];
        if(num < min){
            min = num;
        }
        minBehind[i-1] = min;
    }
    vector<int> res;
    for(int i = 0; i < N; i++){
        int num = nums[i];
        if(num >= maxBefore[i] && num <= minBehind[i]){
            res.push_back(num);
        }
    }
    if(res.size()){
        printf("%d
",res.size());
        sort(res.begin(),res.end());
        printf("%d",res[0]);
        for(int i = 1; i < res.size(); i++) printf(" %d",res[i]);
        cout << endl;
    }else{
        printf("0

");
    }
    return 0;
}

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  • 原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/aiwz/p/6154030.html
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